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Gender Equality

Tracking how gender equality evolves in time


Parliament representation

Between 1997 and 2021, the percentage of women in Parliament increased from 10.35% to 24.68%


Parity forecast: at this rate of evolution, parity in parliament will be reached in 2066



Gender distribution in CEOs of publicly traded companies

Gender CEOs Distribution
Female 1292 6.2%
Male 19674 93.8%

Leading female CEOs

Based on the company size (employees)

CEO Company Employees
Julie T. Spellman Sweet Accenture 710,000
Carol B. Tome United Parcel Service 534,000
Rosalind Gates Brewer Walgreens Boots Alliance 315,000
Hsiueh-Hong Wang Htc 283,501
Jane Nind Fraser Citigroup 231,000
Laichun Wang Luxshare Precision Industry 228,152
Karen Sue Lynch Cvs Health 216,000
Estelle K. Brachlianoff Veolia Environnement 179,718
Revathi Advaithi Flex 172,648
Qun Fei Zhou Lens Technology 156,880
Catherine MacGregor Engie 154,364
Safra Ada Catz Oracle 151,063
Joey Wat Yum China 147,000
Christel Heydemann orange 139,698
Lijuan Yang Haidilao International Holding 126,679
Phebe N. Novakovic General Dynamics 100,000
Michelle D. Gass Kohl'S 99,000
Ming Zhu Dong Gree Electric Appliances, Inc. Of Zhuhai 81,884
Fangqin Zeng Lingyi Itech (Guangdong) Company 79,892
Zhi Juan Yang Great Wall Motor Company 77,934
Arumugam Manimekhalai Union Bank Of India 75,201
Kath Smith Jd Sports Fashion 73,519
Sarah M. London Centene 72,500
Sandra Brophy Cochran Cracker Barrel Old Country Store 70,000
Judith F. Marks Otis Worldwide 70,000
Belen Garijo Lopez M.D. Merck - 61,902
Alison Marie Rose-Slade B.A. Natwest Group 58,900
Corie Sue Barry Best Buy 57,750
Heyward Rutledge Donigan B.A. Rite Aid - 53,000
Susan Patricia Griffith The Progressive 49,077
Ruo Nan Tian Yongmao 44,665
Xin Ge Wang China Petroleum Engineering 42,660
Weiqing Leng Shanghai Electric Group Company 39,015
Hongling Cao Sunac Services 38,146
Keli Jin Greentown Service Group 37,639
Beata Kozlowska-Chyla Ph.D. Powszechny Zaklad Ubezpieczen 37,391
Maria Claudia Teixeira de Azevedo Sonae, Sgps 36,294
Hendrika W. P. M. A. Verhagen Postnl 35,721
Sue Ellen Gove Bed Bath & Beyond 32,000
Hilde Merete Aasheim Norsk Hydro 31,000
Vishakha Vivek Mulye B.Com, CA Aditya Birla Capital 30,905
Virginia C. Drosos Signet Jewelers 30,856
Pik Kuen Wong Oversea-Chinese Banking 30,809
Denise A. Paulonis Sally Beauty 29,000
Richa Sachdeva Chatterjee Iifl Finance 28,880
Marjan E. F. Rintel Klm Royal Dutch Airlines 27,564
Michelle Keefe Syneos Health 26,751
Dipali Balkrishan Goenka Welspun India 26,000
Nazzic S. Keene Science Applications International 26,000
Patricia Kessler Poppe Pg&E 26,000
Roisin Currie corporate.greggs 25,174
Iwona Waksmundzka–Olejniczak Polskie Górnictwo Naftowe I Gazownictwo 24,401
Fen Fang Fu Fujian Sunner Development 24,347
Lucinda M. Baier Brookdale Senior Living 24,090
Tracy A. Robinson Canadian National Railway Company 22,783
Amanda Jayne Blanc ACII, MBA aviva 22,062
Vibha U. Padalkar Hdfc Life Insurance Company 22,059
Annica Bresky M.B.A., M.Sc. Stora Enso Oyj 22,000
Natascha Viljoen BEng (PrEng), EMBA Anglo American Platinum 21,733
Jette Nygaard-Andersen Entain 21,226
Robina Y. Gokongwei-Pe Robinsons Retail 20,535
Jill Griffin Advantage Solutions 20,000
Duo Jin Grandblue Environment 19,907
Virginie Sarah Sandrine Morgon Eurazeo 19,832
Vinita D. Gupta Lupin 19,789
Nancy McKinstry wolterskluwer 19,454
Allison Kirkby FCMA Telia Company Ab (Publ) 19,402
Ching Lien Wei Minth Group 19,359
Elena Kolmanovskaya Yandex 19,061
Asa Bergman Sweco Ab (Publ) 18,500
Chunmei Hao Beijing Capital Eco-Environment Protection Group 17,949
Lauren R. Hobart Dick'S Sporting Goods - 17,800
Ling-Ling Wu China Shanshui Cement Group 17,740
Monica Mondardini Cir S.P.A. - Compagnie Industriali Riunite 17,201
Gillian Murphy Galaxy Entertainment Group 17,088
Olivia Wu Shin Kong Financial Holding 16,859
Umut Bolatkhanovna Shayakhmetova Jsc Halyk Bank 16,738
Ling Fen Chen Huafu Fashion 16,566
Bertina D. Engelbrecht B.Proc, LLM Clicks Group 16,286
Yimin Yang Yunnan Tin Company 16,258
Xue Yun Huang Chaozhou Three-Circle (Group) 16,145
Choi Ngor Cheung South China Holdings Company 16,111
Qiubin Tan Jiangsu Guotai International Group 16,082
Helena Hedblom M.Sc. Epiroc Ab (Publ) 15,912
Carey A. Smith Parsons 15,500
Rong Liu Nan Hai 15,442
Sabrina Soussan Dormakaba Holding 15,304
Cindy J. Miller Stericycle 14,550
Min Zhu Shenzhen Worldunion Group 14,006
Haiyan Yin Leoch International Technology 13,746
Zhiping Zhang Beijing Oriental Yuhong Waterproof Technology 13,630
Lin Chen Beijing Hualian Hypermarket 13,389
Ming Feng Wu Sunvim Group 13,144
Chunying Xiong Jiangling Motors 12,930
Christine A. Leahy Cdw 12,750
Karen S. Haller Southwest Gas 12,720
Molly Langenstein Chico'S Fas 12,700
Johanna Rastad Humana Ab (Publ) 12,443
Christel Bories Eramet 12,408
Guo Ying Excellence Commercial Property & Facilities Management Group 12,277


Gender distribution in artists

Gender Artists Distribution
female 2691 18.6%
male 11743 81.3%
non-binary 3 0.0%

Leading female artists

Top 100 female artists based on the number of artworks tracked in our database:

Artist Country Artworks
Louise Bourgeois United States 3,410
Lilly Reich Germany 850
Dorothea Lange United States 481
Natalia Goncharova Russia 292
Olga Rozanova Russia 263
Elaine Lustig Cohen United States 235
Marianne Wex Germany 214
Sophie Calle France 209
Flora Manteola Argentina 201
Anni Albers United States 198
Kiki Smith United States 188
Josefa Santos Argentina 184
Aleksandra Mir United States 176
Frances Benjamin Johnston United States 158
Diane Arbus United States 152
Mieko Shiomi Japan 151
Cindy Sherman United States 133
Yoko Ono United States 126
Dame Elisabeth Frink United Kingdom 125
Lauretta Vinciarelli Italy 124
Dame Barbara Hepworth United Kingdom 123
Alex Bag United States 119
Rosemarie Trockel Germany 118
Elizabeth Murray United States 117
Yayoi Kusama Japan 115
Sherrie Levine United States 111
Claudia Andujar United States 109
Judith Joy Ross United States 106
Faith Hubley United States 104
Helen Frankenthaler United States 104
Ilse Bing United States 104
Fiona Banner United Kingdom 103
Blanche Parker United States 103
Alison Knowles United States 102
Marie Laurencin France 97
Vija Celmins United States 96
Doris Ulmann United States 95
Ellen Gallagher United States 92
Gertrude Käsebier United States 89
Kara Walker United States 88
Louise Nevelson United States 88
Helen Levitt United States 88
Louise Lawler United States 85
Ree Morton United States 84
Deanna Templeton United States 82
Berenice Abbott United States 81
Rachel Harrison United States 81
Jan Groover United States 79
Adrian Piper United States 79
Rachel Whiteread United Kingdom 77
Martha Rosler United States 77
Eva Zeisel United States 77
Varvara Stepanova Russia 77
Susanna Duncombe United Kingdom 76
Rebecca Horn Germany 76
Chryssa United States 75
Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt) Venezuela 74
Joan Mitchell United States 73
Meg Cranston United States 71
Zuzana Licko Slovak Republic 71
June Wayne United States 66
Margaret Bourke-White United States 65
Takako Saito United States 64
Susan Rothenberg United States 64
Tracey Emin United Kingdom 63
Joanne Leonard United States 62
Eleanor Antin United States 61
Rosalind Fox Solomon United States 60
Mira Schendel Brazil 60
Ingrid Wiener Austria 60
Elizabeth Rigby United Kingdom 60
Sonia Delaunay-Terk France 59
Lee Bontecou United States 59
Kim Lim Singapore 59
Ray Eames United States 58
Marina Abramović Serbia 57
Kseniia Boguslavskaia Russia 57
Agnes Martin United States 57
Florine Stettheimer United States 57
Gunta Stölzl Switzerland 57
Ruth Asawa United States 56
Jenny Holzer United States 55
Lady Wharncliffe None 55
Stefanie Posavec United States 54
Fré Cohen Netherlands 54
Giorgia Lupi Italy 54
Shigeko Kubota Japan 51
Bridget Riley United Kingdom 51
Julie Mehretu United States 50
Pat Steir United States 50
Sarra Lebedeva None 50
Geneviève Asse France 50
Marian Zazeela United States 49
Roni Horn United States 48
Tracey Moffatt Australia 48
Hilma af Klint Sweden 47
Lynn Hershman Leeson United States 47
Madoka Takagi Japan 46
Tacita Dean United Kingdom 46
Full dataset of all 2691 female artists:

Book subject

Fenimism is a book subject in literature with 611 books and 721 editions on between 1970 and 2021 by 534 authors

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Leading books on feminism

Top 100 books based on the number of editions tracked in our database

Title Authors Editions
The second sex Simone de Beauvoir 6
The revolt of the primitive : an inquiry into the roots of political correctness Howard S. Schwartz 3
Threshold concepts in women's and gender studies : ways of seeing, thinking, and knowing Christie Launius 3
Ethics and human reproduction : a feminist analysis Christine Overall 3
Against empire : feminisms, racism and the West Zillah R. Eisenstein 3
The whole woman Germaine Greer 3
From where we stand : War, women's activism and feminist analysis Cynthia Cockburn 3
Pure lust : elemental feminist philosophy Mary Daly 3
The horned god : feminism and men as wounding and healing John Rowan 3
The female eunuch Germaine Greer 3
The end of men : and the rise of women Hanna Rosin 3
Introducing feminism Cathia Jenainati 3
Subordination : feminism and social theory Clare Burton 3
Women and socialism : essays on women's liberation Sharon Smith 2
Sacred cows : is feminism relevant to the new millennium Rosalind Coward 2
The miseducation of women James Tooley 2
The secret history of Wonder Woman Jill Lepore 2
The sociology of housework Ann Oakley 2
The subject of liberty : toward a feminist theory of freedom Nancy J. Hirschmann 2
Women's reality : an emerging female system in a white male society Anne Wilson Schaef 2
Women's oppression today : the marxist / feminist encounter Michèle Barrett 2
Women in dark times Jacqueline Rose 2
What do women want? : power, sex, bread & roses Erica Jong 2
Women and empowerment : strategies for increasing autonomy C. Margaret Hall 2
Women & power : a manifesto Mary Beard 2
Woman's consciousness, man's world Sheila Rowbotham 2
Reclaiming the F word : feminism today Catherine Redfern 2
Whipping girl : a transsexual woman on sexism and the scapegoating of femininity Julia Serano 2
Dear Ijeawele, or a feminist manifesto in fifteen suggestions Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie 2
Waging gendered wars : U.S. military women in Afghanistan and Iraq Paige Whaley Eager 2
Unspeakable things : sex, lies and revolution Laurie Penny 2
Sex differences : modern biology and the unisex fallacy Yves Christen 2
The anatomy of freedom : feminism, physics and global politics Robin Morgan 2
Sexuality in the field of vision Jacqueline Rose 2
Sociology and the future of work : contemporary discourses and debates Paul Ransome 2
A feminist case study in transnational migration : the Anne Jemima Clough journals Anne Jemima Clough 2
Celebrity and the feminist blockbuster Anthea Taylor 2
Classes of ladies of cloistered spaces : writing feminist history through biography in fin de siècle Egypt Marilyn Booth 2
Dangerous brown men : exploiting sex, violence and feminism in the war on terror Gargi Bhattacharyya 2
Anti-porn : the resurgence of anti-pornography feminism Julia Long 2
Close to home : a materialist analysis of women's oppression Christine Delphy 2
Youth working with girls and women in community settings : a feminist perspective Janet Batsleer 2
Do it like a woman : ... and change the world Caroline Criado-Perez 2
The global women's movement : origins, issues and strategies Peggy Antrobus 2
The failure of the sexual revolution George Frankl 2
The equality illusion : the truth about women and men today Kat Banyard 2
The declaration of the rights of women : the originial manifesto for justice, equality and freedom Olympe de Gouges 2
The yellow wall-paper Charlotte Perkins Gilman 2
The aftermath of feminism : gender, culture and social change Angela McRobbie 2
The Public Woman Joan Smith 2
Sweet freedom : the struggle for women's liberation Anna Coote 2
Split decisions : how and why to take a break from feminism Janet E. Halley 2
This-worldly nibbana : a Buddhist-feminist social ethic for peacemaking in the global community Hsiao-Lan Hu 2
The Carol J. Adams reader : writings and conversations 1995-2015 Carol J. Adams 2
The woman that never evolved Sarah Blaffer Hrdy 2
Everywoman : one woman's truth about speaking the truth Jess Phillips 2
Global democracy, social movements, and feminism Catherine Eschle 2
No more nice girls : countercultural essays Ellen Willis 2
Multiculturalism without culture Anne Phillips 2
Married to the job : wives' incorporation in men's work Janet Finch 2
Living dolls : the return of sexism Natasha Walter 2
Lesbian utopics Annamarie Jagose 2
King Kong theory Virginie Despentes 2
Julia Kristeva and feminist thought Birgit Schippers 2
Environmental security and gender Nicole Detraz 2
Introduction to feminist therapy : strategies for social and individual change Kathy M. Evans 2
Essays on women, medicine and health Ann Oakley 2
Humanity, freedom and feminism Jill Marshall 2
Hot feminist Polly Vernon 2
Has feminism changed science? Londa L. Schiebinger 2
Feminism, digital culture and the politics of transmission : theory, practice and cultural heritage Deborah M. Withers 2
The vagenda : a zero tolerance guide to the media Holly Baxter 2
Feminism, Inc. : coming of age in girl power media culture Emilie Zaslow 2
Gender work : feminism after neoliberalism Robin Truth Goodman 2
I am your sister : collected and unpublished writings of Audre Lorde Audre Lorde 2
Fight like a girl : how to be a fearless feminist Megan Seely 2
Gender & sexuality : critical theories, critical thinkers Chris Beasley 2
What is feminism? : an introduction to feminist theory Chris Beasley 2
Positioning gender in discourse : a feminist methodology Judith Baxter 2
Feminism seduced : how global elites use women's labor and ideas to exploit the world Hester Eisenstein 2
Sexual decoys : gender, race and war in imperial democracy Zillah R. Eisenstein 2
Moranthology Caitlin Moran 2
Gender and discourse : language and power in politics, the Church and organisations Clare Walsh 2
Female chauvinist pigs : women and the rise of raunch culture Ariel Levy 2
Political worlds of women : activism, advocacy, and governance in the twenty-first century M. E. Hawkesworth 2
Exercising human rights : gender, agency and practice Robin Redhead 2
Feminism June Hannam 2
Food and femininity Kate Cairns 2
Feminism, gender and universities : politics, passion and pedagogies Miriam E. David 2
Feminism & popular culture : investigating the postfeminist mystique Rebecca Munford 2
Fight like a girl Clementine Ford 2
Feminism and the power of law Carol Smart 2
Gender inclusive : essays on violence, men, and feminist international relations Adam Jones 2
Feminist geopolitics : material states Deborah P. Dixon 2
Economies of violence : transnational feminism, postsocialism, and the politics of sex trafficking Jennifer Suchland 1
Different but equal : communication between the sexes Kay E. Payne 1
Engendering democracy Anne Phillips 1
Emma Goldman : sexuality and the impurity of the state Bonnie Haaland 1
Elise Boulding. Writings on feminism, the family and Quakerism Elise Boulding 1
Elise Boulding : a pioneer in peace research, peace-making, feminism and the family - from a Quaker perspective Elise Boulding 1


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